A urologist is a doctor who specializes in the urinary tract and the male reproductive system. They treat diseases that affect the urogenital system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. They may also specialize in certain areas of medicine, including cancer and women's health. Many urologists also perform reconstructive urology procedures.
Urologists usually complete a residency program of five or six years. The first year is spent learning general surgery; the remaining four or five years are devoted to studying and treating urological disorders. Some programs also include a year dedicated to conducting research. For urologists, this residency is crucial in gaining experience in their field.
Urologists typically work long hours. A urologist may see as many as 25 patients on a typical day. On surgery days, the schedule maybe even longer. A urologist may spend one or two extra hours each week on call. After completing their residency, urologists may choose to become board-certified in the field of urology.
During a urology appointment, the urologist will take a comprehensive medical history and discuss the different treatment options for a patient's ailment. Urologists also review the rest of the body and diagnose other health problems that may directly or indirectly relate to urologic disorders. The doctor will also ask patients for a complete list of their medications. These medications may include over-the-counter medications and vitamins and supplements.