Turmeric Benefits

Turmeric Benefits
Photo by Chinh Le Duc / Unsplash

Turmeric benefits can be numerous. Learn about the anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anti-cancer properties of this spice. You may also be surprised to know that turmeric is a great food source for people with digestive problems. The main ingredient in turmeric is curcumin, which is responsible for its distinct colour and flavour.


Many potential curcumin and turmeric benefits include improving mood and reducing anxiety. These benefits are because curcumin increases brain-derived neurotrophic factors, which maintains neuronal cell health. The substance may also affect the immune system by regulating neurotransmitters and the intestinal system. The compound also acts on multiple molecular targets, including adenosine triphosphate (ADP), a protein involved in cell development. However, long-term studies are needed to evaluate curcumin's benefits.

Anti-inflammatory properties

Turmeric is a spice related to ginger that has anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. It is widely used in food and medicine and is an essential part of many Indian dishes. It is also a popular ingredient in cosmetics and fabric dyes. The underground parts of the turmeric plant are often dried and packaged as tablets, powders, and extracts.

Antibacterial properties

Turmeric contains antibacterial properties that can help protect food from bacterial infections. Various studies in the lab have confirmed its antimicrobial properties. Tests conducted with water and methanol extracts of turmeric have shown that it inhibits the growth of Salmonella typhi and Escherichia coli. Tests using chloroform and n-hexane extracts have also revealed its antibacterial potential.

Anti-cancer properties

Turmeric contains an active compound called curcumin, which has anti-cancer properties. The compound has also been found to have anti-inflammatory properties. Researchers have confirmed that it inhibits tumour growth by regulating the activity of specific genes. However, this substance is not easily absorbed, which makes it difficult to use alone as a treatment.

Gut permeability

Turmeric benefits gut permeability because of its potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Inflammation in the gut results from the overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1b and tumour necrosis factor. Turmeric inhibits the release of these cytokines and restores the balance of the gut microbiome. A balanced microbiome is associated with good overall health and a reduced risk of chronic diseases.

Increased serotonin

Turmeric has been proven to increase serotonin levels in the brain. This vital chemical is responsible for feeling good and has been known to reduce the symptoms of anxiety and depression. It can be taken as a supplement or added to your meals. Its main ingredient, curcumin, is a potent antioxidant that helps the body fight against oxidative stress - a common side effect of a poor diet and environmental pollution. Studies have shown that curcumin reduces symptoms of depression, lowers blood pressure, and reduces stress.

Reduced cirrhosis

Turmeric is a herb used to treat cirrhosis of the liver. Its scientific name is Curcuma zanthorrhiza Roxb. It belongs to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). In our country, it is widely grown and used for cooking and as a spice. Its tubers are used in medicine and cosmetics. It grows up to 1 m tall.