What Are the Symptoms of Sjogrens's Syndrome?

What Are the Symptoms of Sjogrens's Syndrome?

Sjogren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder that causes your body to attack your glands. You may experience dry mouth, dry eyes, and dry intercourse. You may also experience excessive blinking and blurred vision. In some cases, you may be sensitive to bright light.

Dry mouth

You may find some relief with artificial saliva products if you suffer from dry mouth due to Sjogren's syndrome. These can be used as mouthwash after meals or to soothe painful gums. Using a special gel can also help alleviate the symptoms. However, you should note that your mouth is more susceptible to dental cavities due to Sjogren's syndrome, so brushing and flossing after each meal or snack is important. In addition, you should visit your dentist regularly for routine cleaning and evaluation.

Dry eyes

Dry eyes are one of the symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome, a chronic disease in which the immune system attacks its own body. In this case, the immune system targets the exocrine glands that produce tears and saliva, resulting in dry eyes and mouth. These glands are called Bartholin's glands. Although there is no cure for Sjogren's syndrome, treatment for the symptoms of the disease may vary from person to person.

Dry intercourse

A woman who has Sjogren's syndrome may have trouble having intercourse. In such cases, lubricants, such as water-soluble lubricants, can help. Using these lubricants before and during sexual activity can ease the dryness in the vagina. Women suffering from the condition should also use a condom. This will help to prevent any transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.


Several studies have assessed the efficacy and safety of rituximab for treating primary Sjogren's syndrome. In one study, patients with the syndrome were treated with repeated infusions of rituximab. In another study, rituximab was ineffective in improving disease activity or reducing fatigue.

Anti-inflammatory diets

Anti-inflammatory diets are an important part of Sjogren's syndrome treatment. These diets focus on limiting pro-inflammatory foods and increasing anti-inflammatory foods. The ideal diet for Sjogren's syndrome patients should be high in fresh fruits and vegetables, with a low intake of processed food. It should also be rich in low-fat foods, such as lean meat, beans, nuts, and soy.


A doctor will use a variety of tests to make a diagnosis of Sjogren's syndrome. These tests may include a slit lamp examination, blood tests, and rheumatoid factor. Salivary glands will also be checked, and a biopsy can be taken to see if they are damaged. A chest x-ray may also be performed to check for lung inflammation.