Roberto Jefferson, a former federal delegation and president of the Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro, was recently diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. The hospital Samaritano has identified the tumour as a type of cancer. The state of the politician's health is not life-threatening, and there are many treatment options. The former federal delegation is expected to be in the early stages of the disease, which is not considered a threat to his life.
Surgical removal of part of the stomach, pancreas, duodenum and biliary canal
Surgical removal of part of the stomach, duodenum and biliary canal can relieve pancreatitis or other digestive disorders. A gastroenterologist or a surgeon can perform the procedure. Patients who undergo pancreatic surgery will typically stay in the hospital for eight to ten days. They will be closely monitored and tested for any complications. The patient will be given pain medication during the first few days after the operation. The nursing team and intensive care specialists will provide supportive care as needed.
Surgical removal of the entire pancreas is often an option if you have pancreatic cancer. This surgery removes the head of the pancreas, spleen, and bile duct. Other structures may also be released, including the stomach and bile duct. Surgery may be your only option if the pancreas tumours have spread throughout the entire pancreas. Pancreatic cancer surgery is less joint than other procedures and may carry significant risks.
Treatment options for pancreatic cancer
While the best cure for pancreatic cancer is currently unknown, surgery can be an effective treatment option. Many of these treatments are endoscopic or use a thin tube to access the pancreas. They can help you alleviate some symptoms and reduce the risk of side effects. While the recovery from surgery may be extended, the benefits and risks will be discussed with you by your specialist team.
Chemotherapy is an option for treating pancreatic cancer if the tumour has not spread to other body parts. Anti-tumour drugs are given intravenously through the arteries to kill the cancer cells. Currently, gemcitabine is the most common chemotherapy drug used to treat pancreatic cancer, although other drugs such as paclitaxel, erlotinib, and capecitabine are also available. Infusion of chemotherapy drugs through the hepatic artery is a standard option in late-stage pancreatic cancer. However, chemotherapy has some side effects, including an increased risk of infection.
If you suspect a pancreatic tumour, your doctor will probably suggest a biopsy. This procedure involves inserting a thin, hollow needle through the skin of the abdomen into the pancreas. It's called fine needle aspiration, and the doctor guides the hand into place with images from CT scans and ultrasounds. However, it's important to remember that your doctor might not want to remove the entire tumour since the cancer may have spread too far.
Depending on its location and size, this tumour is often benign and can be cured with resection. Once the tumour is removed, your doctor will perform some tests to find out what it is. You will be asked about your health history and any risk factors contributing to its development. In addition, you'll be asked to explain your symptoms and medical history to your doctor.
Cancer of the pancreas can be staged according to the size of cancer. Tumours that have not spread to lymph nodes are called stages I and II. Stage III cancers may have spread to the lymph nodes, but cancer has not spread to distant locations. Treatment for this type of pancreatic cancer begins with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. In some cases, higher doses of radiation are used to control cancer's spread.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill cancer cells while sparing normal tissue. Although radiation therapy can lead to side effects, it is very effective in shrinking tumours. Three types of radiation are commonly used for this type of pancreatic cancer: proton therapy, stereotactic body radiotherapy, and external beam therapy. Proton therapy can only be used at specialized cancer centres