Leg cramp pain that lasts for days or weeks is a symptom of a more severe ailment. A medical doctor should be consulted if you are experiencing leg cramps and cannot get any relief. He will examine your body and ask you about your medical history. If he suspects a hidden problem, he may order blood tests.
Restless legs syndrome
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder marked by an uncontrollable urge to move your legs at night. It is often accompanied by leg cramp pain. This disorder tends to run in families. Symptoms of RLS usually occur during the early evening or the night. The pain may sometimes extend to your arms and lower trunk.
This condition is not contagious, but if left untreated, it can lead to other health problems. Although it is not life-threatening, long-term sleep deprivation can lead to depression, anxiety, and a higher risk of diabetes. In severe cases, the leg cramp pain may spread to the face, arms, and trunk. To ease the pain and reduce the symptoms, regular walking and stretching can be helpful.
Deep vein thrombosis
The treatment for deep vein thrombosis is individualized and depends on the severity of the condition. Anticoagulation, such as warfarin, is usually prescribed to thin blood immediately and prevent new clots from forming. Other medications called thrombolytics dissolve existing clots. While these medications have mixed results, they may be used in some cases. Patients may be prescribed these drugs for as long as three months.
Deep vein thrombosis is a dangerous condition that can be life-threatening. It usually occurs in the pelvis, calf, or thigh, but it can also affect the arms and chest. If left untreated, a blood clot can travel to other body parts, including the lungs. If it does, it can cause pulmonary embolism, a life-threatening condition.
Proper footwear can alleviate discomfort and help prevent leg cramp pain. Properly designed shoes absorb shock, provide arch support, and support the natural movement of the leg. In addition to preventing leg cramps, proper footwear can prevent overuse injuries such as Achilles tendonitis and IT band syndrome. These can be avoided with proper training, gradual introduction of new routines, and supportive footwear.
Proper footwear is essential for foot health, as the foot muscles work extra hard to support the body weight. Using inappropriate footwear impairs circulation and cuts off blood and oxygen to the feet. As a result, foot muscles begin to spasm. In addition, improper footwear can lead to dehydration. Exercising in warm weather can dehydrate the body quickly and deprive it of the minerals and salts it needs.
Symptoms of venous disease
Leg cramps are a common symptom of venous disease, and they can be painful and disrupt your daily life. The cramping may be short-lived and only last a few seconds, or it may last for several days. They can also make your legs sore. About 60% of adults experience leg cramps at some point. In addition to the pain they cause, leg cramps can signify other vein problems, such as peripheral arterial disease.
In addition to the pain in your legs, you may notice heaviness, cramping, or tingling. Generally, leg cramps will be worse when you're sitting for long periods. They'll get better when you stand or lift your legs. You may also notice colour changes around your ankles or hardened skin. If you have these symptoms, it is essential to seek medical care.
Sleep-related leg cramps
Leg cramps during sleep are a common problem affecting people of all ages. The pain, called sleep-related leg cramps, occurs due to contractions in the calf or foot muscles. Muscle cramps can accompany them during daytime wakefulness. Although they are common in older people, sleep-related leg cramps can be caused by various pathologies. Fortunately, several treatment options are available for this condition, including prescription and non-prescription medications.
There is no instant way to stop leg cramps, but there are many ways to reduce their occurrence. For instance, taking a bath with Epsom salt is an excellent way to relax your muscles and reduce pain. Epsom salt contains magnesium sulfate, a mineral that is thought to relieve pain in the muscles. Massaging your legs may also help relax them and prevent them from cramping. Make sure to get help if you cannot perform these actions.