People with lupus may experience a variety of symptoms and signs. Some of the most common include chest pain, an irregular heartbeat, and fluid buildup in and around the lungs and heart. Lupus symptoms are often related to hormonal imbalance, commonly appearing during the reproductive years.
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that has no known cure. As such, lupus treatments aim to control symptoms and limit organ damage. Since lupus symptoms are often unpredictable, treatment plans must be modified to suit each patient. However, some basic steps can help people cope with their symptoms.
People with lupus should follow their healthcare professional's recommendations for managing the disease. They should avoid alcohol and tobacco, as these two substances can interact with medications and cause stomach and intestinal problems. Additionally, they should avoid smoking, as tobacco smoke can affect the heart and lungs. They should also limit the amount of sunlight they expose themselves to. If they do, they should use sunscreen and wear sun protection clothing.
Lupus symptoms vary from person to person and can limit daily functioning. Lupus can also affect the spinal cord and brain nerves, resulting in neurological problems. Other symptoms of lupus include headaches, dizziness, and mood changes. Symptoms should be treated promptly since untreated lupus can lead to permanent damage.
Some people with lupus can be treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Corticosteroids, or pain medications, are commonly prescribed for lupus. These drugs can reduce inflammation and the likelihood of lupus flare-ups, but they can also have side effects. Patients should be aware that high steroids can lead to serious side effects like heart and kidney problems. In more severe cases of lupus, drugs that suppress the immune system may be prescribed. However, these medications can also cause side effects, including nausea, diarrhea, and stomach bleeding. Antimalarial medications are also effective for reducing the frequency of lupus flare-ups. However, they may increase the risk of heart, kidney, and eye problems.
Research suggests that some people have a greater risk of developing lupus symptoms. This condition is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in several vital organs. The disease is very debilitating and can lead to death or permanent disability. However, many things can reduce the risk of getting lupus.
Genetics plays an important role in the development of lupus. Several studies have linked lupus to certain genes, including one that controls the immune system response. However, some people develop lupus even without a family history.
Diagnosis of lupus symptoms can be a difficult process. It may take years to develop the symptoms, but getting diagnosed is the first step toward managing your condition and improving your quality of life. Fortunately, there are several ways to get diagnosed. Your doctor may recommend blood tests to determine the presence of certain biomarkers that can help confirm a diagnosis.
The heart and lungs are among the organs affected by lupus. The inflammation of these organs can result in chest pain and pericarditis. In addition, you may experience valve surface thickening or holes in the heart. This can also lead to heart murmurs. In addition, your blood circulation will be affected by inflammation of the pericardium and pleura, which can lead to heart failure and shortness of breath.