Artifical Insemination

Artifical Insemination

Artificial insemination is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female uterus or cervix with the goal of in vivo fertilization. This process has several benefits and risks and can be used to conceive a child.

Intrauterine insemination

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure that inserts millions of sperm inside the uterus to conceive a child. The system is often combined with fertility drugs. The design increases the chances of fertilization by giving the sperm a head start in reaching the egg. It is less invasive than IVF and is cheaper. It is typically performed on couples who have tried to conceive a child for at least a year without success. The procedure may also be performed when there is an unnaturally low sperm count or if the sperm are too mobile or unhealthy.


IUI is a quick, painless procedure that involves inserting sperm into a woman's uterus. After the sperm fertilizes the egg, it implants in the uterus lining, resulting in pregnancy. This procedure can be performed at a fertility clinic or doctor's office. It usually takes five to ten minutes and is not painful, but some women may experience cramping.


Women who have problems conceiving can choose between IUI, IVF, or in vitro fertilization to conceive a child. Both procedures are effective for infertile couples and may have the same odds of success. Both methods use medications or hormones to induce ovulation and increase the monthly egg count. However, both procedures have risks, including the possibility of twins. Women trying to conceive should discuss these risks and benefits with their fertility doctors before deciding which is best for them.

IUI vs sperm donation

An IUI is a procedure in which sperm are inserted into a woman's vagina around ovulation to increase her chances of conceiving. The chances of pregnancy depend on many factors, including age, history of pregnancy, and the method used for insemination. IUI is most effective for women younger than 35 years old with no history of fertility problems. However, suppose the woman fails to conceive after a few cycles of artificial insemination. In that case, the fertility specialist may recommend sperm donation, in which sperm from a donor is donated to increase the chances of pregnancy.

IUI vs sexed semen

The IUI method has two main advantages over sexed semen. First, it offers a greater percentage of X chromosome-bearing sperm. This sperm type has three per cent more DNA than Y chromosome-bearing sperm. Second, it can be differentiated using DNA content dye.


Artificial insemination is an effective method of conceiving a child for women who cannot create naturally or who do not have access to sperm. But it comes with several risks and side effects. So before this treatment, women should consult their gynaecologist to understand the risks.